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Education inclusive, la question de l'évaluation
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Therefore, their training period has to finish on real patients, which is risky. Haptic simulators furnishing an effort feeling are becoming a more appropriated solution as they can reproduce realist efforts applied by organs onto the tools and they can provide countless prerecorded use cases. However, learning alone on a simulator is not always efficient compared to a fellowship training or supervised training where the instructor and the trainee manipulate together the same tools.

Thus, this study introduces an haptic system for supervised hands-on training: the instructor and the trainee interoperate through their own haptic interface. An energetic approach, using in particular the port-Hamiltonian modelling, has been used to ensure the stability and the robustness of the system. This system has been designed and validated experimentally on a one degree of freedom haptic interface. A comparative study with two other dual-user haptic systems in simulation showed the interest of this new architecture for hands-on training.

In order to use this system when both users are away from each other, this study proposes some enhancements to cope with constant communication time delays, but they are not optimized yet. Oct , Daejeon, South Korea. IEEE, , Proc. Control laws for pneumatic cylinder in order to emulate the Loss Of Resistance principle. Yet, the medical students do not have so many opportunities to train on this gesture. Moreover, manikins, animals and cadavers are not sufficiently realistic to train oneself effectively.

The objective of this PhD work is to design an haptic simulator reproducing the "Loss of Resistance" LOR mechanism which helps the anesthetist to know whether the needle is arrived at the rigth place i. Method : we will control simultaneously an haptic interface which will guide the needle, considering a fictive patient parameters, to reproduce the needle insertion, and also a pneumatic cylinder which will reproduce the feelings provided by the LOR syringe.

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Various control laws will be tested position and stiffness backstepping, sliding mode, hybrid system, Summary : Medical staffs require continuing hands-on training on ever evolving medical methods. For instance, Minimally Invasive Surgery MIS procedures have brought much comfort to the patient but has complicated the task of surgeons as they now manipulate their tools through trocars by way of a 2D camera visualization. During their education, they usually train on black boxes, cadavers or animals when available , and more recently passive and active simulators, before training on real patients.

It has been proven that computer based haptic training simulators lead to an efficient training for advanced tasks see [Panait09]. However, in general, the trainee is alone in front of the simulator and cannot take benefit of a supervised training. Hence, in supervised hands-on training, the trainer takes the hands of the trainee in his own hands in order to guide him and to perform difficult gestures. While the hands' motion is driven by the trainer, they both share the haptic feedback derived from the manipulated tools.

Therefore it is difficult for the trainer to dose his forces and for the trainee to feel the right level of forces to apply. Dual-user systems permit this : each one directly manipulates a different haptic interface acting as a common fake tool while the real tool is actuated by the slave part of the system.

This slave part can also be a virtual tool in a virtual environment. They have been introduced by Nudehi et al. The common concept is that the interfaces provide force feedback to both master users trainer and trainee according to a dominance factor alpha in [0,1].

A. Feyfant : "L'évaluation en classe : un outil pour apprendre et pour enseigner"

This control authority, shared between both users, is chosen according to their relative level of skills and experience. It determines the extent to which the motion of the slave tool depends on their individual commands. For four years, the Medical Robotics team of Ampere research laboratory has focused on such dual-user simulators see [Liu15a] and [Liu15b].

An energetic modeling approach has been successfully used to control this architecture in presence of small delays between the three devices for one degree-of-freedom.

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However, to be completely useful, the manipulation must be performed with multiple degrees of freedom. Moreover, one has to take into account that communication may have limitations: low bandwidth, packet drops, disconnections, At last, medical trainers would appreciate a system which enables an automatic evaluation of the quality of the trainee gestures and their evolution.

The outcomes of this PHD project will consist in developing strategies to overcome the network connection defects and provide by the way a robust architecture enabling an effective hands-on training with its automatic evaluation. To do so, the applicant will have to enhance and extend the model of the current dual-user training system. The current passivity controller will have to be enhanced to take into account multiple degrees of freedom and some defects such as varying delays and packets drops.

Simulations and then experimentations will have to be conducted in order to validate the stability, the transparency, the robustness and the usability by medical students. Dans ce bulletin, vous pourrez retrouver les articles de mesdames Caroline Faust, B. Sylvain Letscher Ph. Pour vous inscrire ou pour plus d'information, cliquez sur le titre ci-dessus.

Concours ouvert - Bourse de recherche Mitacs Globalink. La Bourse de recherche Mitacs Globalink appuie des collaborations de recherche entre le Canada et des pays partenaires. Le financement et les disciplines admissibles varient selon la destination. Pour de plus amples renseignements, cliquez sur le titre ci-dessus.

La vie amoureuse, la vie au travail, la vie en logement, la vie familiale Il n'y a pas de candidature interne. Pour le consulter, cliquez sur le titre ci-haut. La coordination est inexistante. Quel est le message de la France? Allez plus loin, beaucoup plus loin! Philip Cordery. Mme Claudine Schmid, rapporteure. Il ne nous est cependant pas facile de maintenir cette influence. Xavier Darcos.

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Laurent Furst. Arnaud Leroy. Qui dirige les instituts culturels sur place? Mais restons vigilants.

A travers les publications pédagogiques

Sur seize consultations publiques actuellement ouvertes, dix le sont uniquement en anglais! Je suis un peu moins optimiste que vous, monsieur le rapporteur. Daniel Haize, docteur en sciences politiques 8 octobre Table ronde 16 juillet Burkina Faso. In the workshop, we will see what aboriginal learners' needs are and ways to effectively teach them L2 languages.

Meta-experience as an analytical tool: Sociocultural perspectives on an assessment policy implementation. This mixed methods study analyses implementation processes and available support structures for the mandatory use of portfolio-based language assessment PBLA in government-funded language programs for adult newcomers in Canada.

The surveys and interviews were conducted in as part of a larger research project on PBLA implementation. The data set, which has been analysed both statistically and qualitatively, documents multiple factors that contribute to challenges and benefits teachers and learners experience with PBLA. According to the data, the rigid requirements of PBLA implementation may be located outside of the ZPD for some teachers and learners, while also significantly limiting individual agency.

Such taxing emotional-cognitive experience perezhyvanie may be creating an unproductive pressure within the individuals, classrooms, and organizations, which might jeopardize the originally envisioned positive impact of PBLA on language teaching and learning. This study contributes to the exploration of the suggested inseparability of cognitive and emotional processes in language teaching and learning e.

Publications – Laboratoire d'Informatique de l'Université du Mans

De plus, elles changent le rythme de la classe en encourageant le partage et la collaboration. It is traditionally transmitted through Maya institutions: family members pass on the language to younger generations, and the community validates such linguistic knowledge through its political, religious, and community dynamics Guemes, Like all languages, Yucatec Maya is a communication tool, but it is also a gateway to Maya knowledge systems.

In a Maya cultural environment, school is part of a secondary socialization process that usually goes hand-in-hand with the use of Spanish and hegemonic ways of knowing and doing that contrast with traditional Maya teaching and learning practices, as well as with the content embedded in such processes Lizama, In addition, the Eurocentric curriculum found in the education system perpetuates the prestige of Spanish, maintaining Maya lifestyle and Yucatec Maya in its historically oppressed and discriminated position Guemes, Drawing from literature on Indigenous knowledges, plurilingualism, and sociology of knowledge, this paper highlights the importance of considering diverse and, often times, conflicting knowledge systems which are present in the daily interactions of contemporary Maya youth, before making any attempt to evaluate their academic performance.

Furthermore, it suggests that a culturally competent education should be sensitive to the structural differences found in the primary and secondary socialisation processes of Maya students in order to promote complementary and meaningful formal educational experiences that may lead to the development of an integrated personal and professional lifestyle.

Golds, Susanne; Foster, Alisa. Students have the opportunity to expand their current vocabulary while baking French inspired recipes from scratch.

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Our Chefs will share a curriculum based French cultural story while the treats are in the oven. In celebration, the students will eat their creations and leave more confident in their speaking and proud of their culinary accomplishments. Ontario launched a revised high school French as a second language FSL curriculum Ontario Ministry of Education, with an intercultural understanding sub-strand now added in all curriculum strands. However, many drop French after their final, mandatory year Chong, which is Grade 9.

However, many of these educators are insecure when speaking in French Cooke, ; Wernicke, Few researchers have investigated how these teachers approach the revised curriculum Ontario Ministry of Education, and specifically, the added intercultural sub-strand Viswanathan, This paper presentation summarizes an exploratory social constructivist case study of how ten non-native French-speaking teachers in Ontario approached French cultures to their Grade 9 CF students for one semester. An online questionnaire, two semi-structured interviews, cultural artefacts, and an online focus group formed the data collection.

The study highlighted affordances of the non-native French-speaking teacher in their approach to cultural content. It also offered suggestions to improve teaching and learning conditions for both the non-native French-speaking teacher and student, in addition, to slowly remove inequalities in FSL classrooms. Ontario Grades 9 to 12 International Languages curriculum implementation: The role of administrators in supporting plurilingual education. This presentation discusses the findings of a study on how Continuing Education administrators in Ontario see their role in helping language teachers implement the Classical Studies and International Languages Curriculum which provides expectations and guidelines for courses in which 80 languages are taught to high school students across Ontario.

Research in second language education, language policy in Canada, and the application of key elements of plurilingualism in Canadian classrooms have shown that plurilingual pedagogy and a deeper understanding of plurilingualism is needed to help improve additional language teaching practices and learner outcomes Arnott et al. This presentation addresses the challenges administrators face when planning in-service training and teacher support strategies in the absence of resources that offer a clear connection between plurilingualism as the theoretical foundation of the Ontario curriculum and the application of specific instructional strategies for fostering plurilingualism.

The study design takes into account that curriculum implementation is a system-wide responsibility, and not just the work of teachers alone Richards, The findings contribute to a better understanding of the role of administrators in language teaching, and provide direction on implementation of a plurilingual pedagogy.

Does a plurilingual approach optimize student success in all contexts? Language hierarchy and inclusivity in International Languages classrooms and other minority language contexts. This symposium offers language teaching professionals, researchers, and teacher educators an opportunity to reflect on key questions about plurilingualism and plurilingual pedagogy in minority language contexts. What is plurilingualism and what does a plurilingual pedagogy look like? Should I use English or other languages in my minority language classroom?

How can I help foster plurilingualism if I don't know my students' minority languages? What are language awareness strategies and why are they important in my classroom? How can I promote a plurilingual vision and ensure success in target language literacy? What does my school leadership and the Ministry say about plurilingualism and language teaching in Ontario? In knowing how to decode, we can easily identify letter blends to sound out words for fluency and development of comprehension. Come join me to discover how to integrate Indigenous content and ways of learning into a second language classroom with hands-on examples and ideas you can use in your classroom immediately.